Different techniques of textile printing on fabric
Every print has it’s own journey to take place on a plain surface of the fabric. Ever wonder how does a plain fabric turns in to playful prints that attract eyeballs. There are two kinds of person who loves prints or solids (plain). Which one are you? I am sure you belong to prints It takes ample knowledge to understand the kind of prints suitable for your choice of fabric. Here are some of the amazing printing techniques all over the world let’s explore the world of textile prints and where it evolved.
1. Block Printing
The Block printing method is one of the oldest methods. It was first developed in China around the 3rd century. The process is slow but the outcome is outstanding. It is the slowest of all the printing methods. The first and foremost step is to create a design and then transfer that into a wooden piece. For every single design and color, there will be a different block required. It’s not possible to acquire an intricate design using a wooden piece, However, for minute detailing designs made by copper or brass pieces method is known as coppering blocks. A person who prints the block on the fabric is known as a printer. He dips the wooden block into the color presses the block firmly and steadily on the cloth striking it smartly and neatly with a wooden mallet. 10 questions with a Korean blogger
2. Perrotine Printing
Perrontine the printing machine is one of the successful inventions by Louis Jerome Perrot. It replaced the block printing for faster production of prints. This machine has employed many German, French & Italian, workers. It comes with many benefits like joining up of the designs in a precise manner, no broken lines, quicker results. But it does have some limitations which make the hand block print top the game of prints. In perrontine can only be applied to the production of patterns containing not more than three colors nor exceeding five inches in the vertical repeat. Types of embroidery work & it’s origin
2. Spray printing
In spray printing, the application of the color is easier just one spray away. The process is similar to stencil printing. A well-designed sheet or a plastic piece is used to get the desired motifs or patterns on a plain surface. The holding of the spray plays a major role here. however, This technique can be used by anyone. Cut the patterns by leaving a space where you want the silhouette of your design. It’s pretty fun to experiment with different kinds of fabric. Avoid synthetic fabrics for this technique. Are you beautiful inside?
3. Screen printing
Screen printing is also known as silk printing as silk is used in the process. Another name is serigraphy printing. A screen with the silhouette or design mesh is used to get the desired print on the fabric by using color paste on the blade or squeegee. There are also various types of mesh sizes that will determine the outcome and look of the finished design on the material. Fashion label Interview
4. Roller or cylinder print
The roller or cylinder the printing machine was invented by Thomas bell in 1785. The invention had a major drawback that 6 rollers cannot be placed at once. So, the error was corrected by Adam Parkinson. Roller printing has marked its efficiency by adopting many intricate designs, a wide range of patterns, designs that are get printed on fabric in very less time. 10,000 to 12,000 yards of fabric are done in 10 hours of each day by just using a single color machine. It so advanced that the prints get absolute shape and structure on the fabric without leaving any unwanted marks.
5. Calico printing
Calico is also known as 100% cotton. A piece of fabric is woven in a medium/lightweight even weave. It has an equal warp and weft weaving, typically in white, cream, beige color fabric bleached especially. This fabric is mostly used for floral prints. A sulfate or turkey oil containing some amount of fatty acid is used to get prints brighter. This technique is only done on cotton fabric.
Kalamkari is famous art of the hand printing and printing technique of India’s state Andhra Pradesh invented by Pitchuka Veera Subbaiah. To create this beautiful work there are 21 steps to follow like dyeing, bleaching, hand painting, block-printing, starching so on. it is a painstaking art of attraction. The designs are either printed or skillfully hand-painted with a kalam in natural colors, mainly extracted from tree bark, flowers & plant roots. A good choice of Cotton, Cotton Silk & Rayon printed with designs of sun chariots, flowers, figurines & vines are famous for its traditional look.
7. Stencil printing
The art of stencil printing developed by japan. it’s playing a prominent role in the textile industry for the employment of kharigars. A design traced into thin steel or stout paper using a sharp-pointed tool to get smooth edges of the design. Then the sheet is placed on the fabric according to the pattern using a roller dipped in color are passes through the stencil to get printed on the fabric. A sheet can be laid on any side of the fabric brushing a color to get desired prints.
8. Digital printing
Digital fabric printing started in the late 1990s. The father of digital printer is Benny Landa. It is also known as inkjet printing. A handmade or a self-created design can be printed on the fabric by using this technology. It is used in many ways in the textile and printing industry. A visual communication helped by this tech to make flyers, banners, etc. The compatible fabric is cotton & linen. However, It has certain limits to create a range of prints on the fabric. As the plain surface need for this technique so, while printing white-colored motifs don’t support the designs. How to create textures using watercolor?
9. Batik printing
The art of batik printing evolved in Indonesia. It is wax-resist dyeing applied to whole cloth. In this printing process, the space of the design is covered with a coat of wax and then dyes the cloth. The waxed areas remain the same color. After dyeing it with the contrast color it creates a pattern between the dyed & undyed areas.
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